The British Occupation of Manila and Cavite 1762 – 1764

October 18, 2012 - December 1, 2012 Add to calendar 18-10-2012 01-12-2012 79 The British Occupation of Manila and Cavite 1762 – 1764 Yuchengco Museum [email protected] true DD/MM/YYYY

  • A Draught of the Great Bay of Manila and Harbor of Cavita Describing all the Islands, Rivers, Bays, Rocks, Sands and Dangerous Shoals; with the Marks Pointing Out their True Situation, and also How to Go Clear of Them; Surveyed and Drawn with Great accuracy by William Nicholson, Master of his Majesty’s Ship Elizabeth, at the taking of Manila [1st & 2nd sheet]. 1764. William Nicholson/William Herbert/John Spilsbury. Original-color copper engraving. 62 x 108 cm. Gallery of Prints collection.

  • The Attack of Manila, October 1762 (2/100), limited edition modern reprint of the map showing the British attack on Manila in October 1762, from a manuscript map in the U.S. Library of Congress, 33 x 46 cm, scale ca. 1:2, 100, done in pen-and-ink and watercolor, oriented with north to the left, includes index to points of interest and ships in the harbor, reproduction from a 1762 map, 60.9 x 45.7 cm, Gallery of Prints collection.

  • A New Map of the Philippine Islands, map from Continuation of the Complete History of England, Volume 5., published by Tobias George Smollett, MD (1721 –1771), London, 1765 [1763], Thomas Kitchin,
    hand-colored copper engraving, 23 x 17 cm, Gallery of Prints collection.

  • A View of Espiritu Santo, on Samal, One of the Philippine Islands, 1750, George Anson, 51 x 59 cm, Mariano Cacho, Jr. collection.

To commemorate the 250th anniversary of the British Occupation of Manila and Cavite (1762 – 1764), the Philippine Map Collectors Society and the Embassy of the United Kingdom have collaborated to shed more light on and draw lessons from this little known event in Philippine history.

The British invasion and two-year occupation of the capital of the Philippines during Spanish colonial times had profound effects on our history. It brought new political ideas to the Philippines, and helped open the country to foreign commerce. After the British left in 1764, the defensive perimeter of old Manila had to be completely redesigned. Wide open spaces were created around the walls of Intramuros and along the original moat. Today, we still enjoy these open spaces in the form of parks, public gardens, wide avenues, and formal sites for public buildings.